Accountant working at her desk

Year-End Bookkeeping Checklist for Businesses

It is crucial for businesses in the UK to ensure their financial records are in order. Correct year-end bookkeeping is not only essential for accurate financial reporting but also for tax compliance and planning.

Review and Reconcile Accounts

The first step in your year-end bookkeeping checklist is to thoroughly review and reconcile your business accounts. This includes bank accounts, credit card accounts, and any other financial accounts your business may have. Ensure that all transactions are accurately recorded, and any discrepancies or errors are identified and resolved. Reconciling accounts helps to ensure that your financial records are accurate and up-to-date, and it also helps to identify any potential fraud or errors that may have occurred during the year.

Review Financial Statements

Next, review your financial statements, including the profit and loss statement (P&L) and the balance sheet. These financial statements provide a snapshot of your business’s financial health and performance over the year. Review them carefully to ensure that all income and expenses are accurately recorded, and there are no discrepancies. This analysis will help you assess your business’s financial performance and identify areas that may need improvement in the upcoming year.

Organise and File Receipts and Invoices

Proper record-keeping is crucial for small businesses to comply with tax regulations in the UK. Make sure that all your receipts and invoices are properly organized and filed. This includes both physical and digital copies. Ensure that you have complete and accurate records of all your business expenses and income, including receipts for purchases, sales invoices, and expense claims. This will make it easier to prepare your year-end tax return and provide supporting documentation if needed.

Review Payroll Records

If your business has employees, it’s important to review your payroll records as part of your year-end bookkeeping process. Ensure that all payroll records are accurate and up-to-date, including wages, bonuses, commissions, and any other compensation paid to employees. Review tax withholding, National Insurance contributions, and other payroll-related taxes to ensure they are calculated correctly and in compliance with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) requirements.

Check Inventory and Assets

If your business deals with inventory or assets, it’s important to conduct a physical inventory count at year-end to ensure that your records accurately reflect your actual inventory levels and asset values. Compare your physical inventory count with the inventory records in your accounting system, and identify and resolve any discrepancies. Also, review and update the depreciation schedules for your fixed assets to ensure that they are accurately reflected in your financial statements.

Review Tax Planning Strategies

Year-end is also an opportune time to review your tax planning strategies and ensure that you have maximized your tax deductions and credits for the year. Consult with a qualified tax professional to review your business’s tax situation and identify any potential tax-saving opportunities, such as capital allowances, research and development (R&D) tax credits, and pension contributions. Proper tax planning can help reduce your business’s tax liability and optimize your overall financial position.

Prepare for the Upcoming Year

Lastly, as part of your year-end bookkeeping process, take the time to plan and prepare for the upcoming year. Review your financial goals, budgets, and cash flow projections for the upcoming year. Update your business plan and make necessary adjustments based on your year-end financial review. This will help you set clear financial objectives.

Francis Fabrizi


Keirstone Limited

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